Russia and Ukraine 101

With all that going on in our own USA, the attention is being averted to Eastern Europe. Nothing like a war to get attention off the domestic troubles, tyranny and tribulation. Right?!?! Most historians hold to the claim that World War II was mostly a continuation of World War I. They’re pretty much right about that, but it seems that political historians haven’t learned much from past mistakes. When one makes everybody else’s business their business and interferes to make it like their own businness, there is bound to be a lot of problems. Most of the time, it only ends up in war! Then, everybody’s business is just trying to stay alive and survive!

The looming War III appears to be a continuation of World War II. The only difference is the USA Joe now is an enemy of Russia who had a Joe during World War II. The enemy of an enemy is a friend, until the war is over, then they’ll just go back to being enemies again, even if it’s only a “Cold War”. [Vietnam for the USA and Afghanistan for the USSR was more than just a little “Lukewarm”!] When the cold war got too expensive for the Soviet Union, the USSR dissolved.

From the start, the United States pursued a two-pronged post- Soviet strategy: trying to build a good relationship with the new Russia, marked by cooperation and even partnership, but at the same time making a major effort to create productive bilateral relationships with the new independent states. This approach reflected U.S. strategic objectives as well as American values. In his 1997 book The Grand Chessboard, former National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski characterized Ukraine as a “geopolitical pivot because its very existence as an independent country [means] Russia ceases to be a Eurasian empire.” Although not often publicly expressed by officials to avoid antagonizing Russia, this strategic recognition has undergirded much of U.S. policy to this day.”

Former USSR or Soviet Union


Post-Soviet states

The post-Soviet states, also known as the former Soviet Union (FSU),[1] the former Soviet Republics and in Russia as the near abroad (Russian: ближнее зарубежье, romanized: blizhneye zarubezhye), are the 15 sovereign states that were union republics of the Soviet Union; that emerged and re-emerged from the Soviet Union following its dissolution in 1991.

Russia is the primary de facto internationally recognized successor state to the Soviet Union after the Cold War; while Ukraine has, by law, proclaimed that it is a state-successor of both the Ukrainian SSR and the Soviet Union which remained under dispute over formerly Soviet-owned properties.[2][3][4]

The three Baltic states were the first to declare their independence, between March and May 1990, claiming continuity from the original states that existed prior to their annexation by the Soviet Union in 1940.[5][6] The remaining 12 republics all subsequently seceded.[5] 12 of the 15 states, excluding the Baltic states, initially formed the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and most joined the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), while the Baltic states focused on European Union and NATO membership.[7] EU officials have stressed the importance of Association Agreements between the EU and post-Soviet states.[8][9]

Several disputed states with varying degrees of recognition exist within the territory of the former Soviet Union: Transnistria in eastern MoldovaAbkhazia and South Ossetia in northern Georgia and Artsakh in southwestern Azerbaijan. Since 2014, the Donetsk People’s Republic and Luhansk People’s Republic in far eastern Ukraine have claimed independence. All of these unrecognized states except Artsakh depend on Russian armed support and financial aid. Artsakh is integrated to Armenia at a de-facto level, which also maintains close cooperation with Russia. Prior to its annexation to Russia in March 2014, which is not recognized by most countries, Crimea briefly declared itself an independent state.[10]

In the political language of Russia and some other post-Soviet states, the term near abroad (Russian blizhnee zarubezhe) refers to the independent republics – aside from Russia itself – which emerged after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Increasing usage of the term in English is connected to foreign (Anglophone) assertions of Russia’s right to maintain significant influence in the region.[11][12][13] Russian President Vladimir Putin has declared the region to be a component of Russia’s “sphere of influence“, and strategically vital to Russian interests.[13] The concept has been compared to the Monroe Doctrine.[11]

The Commonwealth of Independent States is a regional intergovernmental organization in Eastern Europe and Asia. It was formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. It covers an area of 20,368,759 km² and has an estimated population of 239,796,010. The CIS encourages cooperation in economic, political and military affairs and has certain powers relating to the coordination of trade, finance, lawmaking, and security. It has also promoted cooperation on cross-border crime prevention.

See the source image

NATO is now knocking on Russia’s Ukrainian door. Ukraine and Russia were the most powerful states in the former USSR. After its fall there was much corruption going on with all players! The Cold War resolutions following the dismantling of the former Soviet Union have been on the boil for quite some time. Could our present Joe and Son have been a contributing factor to the catalyst of the current situation?

See the source image


From the World Atlas >,Ore.%205%20Other%20Major%20Resources%20of%20Ukraine.%20

[Key sentences in article bolden.]

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Ukraine?

An open pit mine for iron ore in Ukraine.
An open pit mine for iron ore in Ukraine.

Ukraine is the largest country entirely in Europe and the world’s 46th largest with a total area of 233,062 square miles. Excluding Crimea, which is currently claimed by Russia, the population of Ukraine is approximately 42 million people, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its largest and capital city is Kiev, located in the north-central part of the country. Ukraine’s landscape is characterized by fertile plains and plateaus and is crossed by several rivers that flow into the Black Sea.

The country was a key economy in the former Soviet Union. It is classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country. Ukraine has rich reserves of natural resources which are considered key to its economic growth. However, corruption and mismanagement of resources have slowed the exploration of some of these natural resources.

Overview Of Natural Resources In Ukraine

Ukraine has a wide variety of natural resources. The natural resources of Ukraine can be divided into three main groups; energy resource, metal ores, and non-metal ores. Although it accounts for only 0.4% and 0.8% of the Earth’s land surface and world’s population respectively, the country has approximately 5% of the world’s mineral resources. Over 20,000 deposits of 194 known minerals can be found in Ukraine. Of these deposits discovered, 7,800 deposits of over 90 hold important industrial minerals. Ukraine has one of the leading reserves and extraction of manganese, iron, and non-metallic raw material. The deposits can be found in different regions across the country. Here are some of the major natural resources of Ukraine.


Coal is a main fossil fuel raw material whose reserve can meet the demand for energy and industry in Ukraine for the next 500 years. It is the largest hydrocarbon fossil resource of Ukraine, accounting for 95% of the fossil resource. Ukraine has the world’s 7th largest and Europe’s 2nd largest coal reserve at about 34 billion tons. Other sources have estimated the reserves to be approximately 115 billion tons. The country’s major coal reserves are located in Donbas Basin and Lviv-Volyn Basin. The two deposits hold 95% of coal reserves in Ukraine, with Donbas holding 92.4% and Lviv-Volyn Basin 2.5%. Over 30% of the reserves in the two basins are cooking coal. Producing about 100 million tons of coal annually, these reserves are expected to last for about 570 years. Some coal deposits are also found in Dnieper Basin. The majority of the coal produced in Ukraine is for domestic use, especially for electricity production. Coal accounts for about 44% of the fuel for energy generating companies, making it the second-most important fuel after nuclear.

Oil And Natural Gas

Ukraine was estimated to hold over 1.1 trillion cubic meters of natural gas reserves in 2004, ranking it 26th among the countries with proven gas reserves before Crimea was annexed. It is also estimated to hold over 135 million tons of oil and 3.7 billion tons of shale oil reserves. The country also has reserves of gas condensate of about 80,000 tons. Several oil and gas fields have been exploited years and some are almost exhausted. Gas, alongside oil fields, are mainly located in three provinces of Ukraine. The major field is the Dnieper-Donetsk which was discovered in the 1950s. 

Iron Ore

Ukraine, Australia, and Russia have the biggest proportion of iron ore deposits in the world. Each of the three countries has over 10% of the world’s iron ore reserves. Ukraine alone has an estimated 27 billion tons of iron ore reserves and ranks 6th in global iron ore production. There are about 88 deposits across the country. These rich iron ores deposits are mainly located in Kremenchuk, Kerch, Mariupol, Belozersky, and Kryvyi Rih. Of the 88 deposits, 60 are located in Kryvyi Rih basin which has a reserve of about 19 billion tons. The Kremenchuk basin has about 4 billion tons while Belozersky holds 2.5 billion tons. A large portion of the iron ore deposits has been extracted by surface mining. Ukraine mainly exports its iron ore to China.

Manganese Ore

Ukraine is in the top ten producers of manganese ore in the world and has the largest manganese ore reserve in Europe. In 2010, the country produced over 736,000 metric tons of marketable manganese ores and concentrates, of which some 121,000 metric tons were exported and the rest used domestically to produce ferroalloys. The major reserves are located in the southern part of Ukraine. The Nikopol basin holds about a third of the explored reserves in the country while the Veliko-Tokmakskoye field holds 66% of the explored reserves.

Other Major Resources Of Ukraine

Ukraine holds the largest titanium reserve in Europe. There are 15 known deposits in different parts of the country, of which four are being explored. These deposits are situated in Kharkiv, Kiev, Donetsk, and Dnipropetrovsk regions. The country also has the largest uranium deposit in Europe and accounts for 1.8% of the world’s uranium deposit. The proven reserves contain estimated 45,600 tons of uranium. Ukraine has 300 deposits of graphite, containing more than 1 billion tons or 20% of the world’s graphite. Only China has more graphite reserves (26% of the total world’s graphite reserve). Other major resources include mercury (2% of the world, 30,000 tons, ranking it 5th after Spain, China, Algeria, and Kyrgyzstan), potash salt, gold, building material, ornamental stones, and hydropower resources.


For more on Ukraine’s natural resources see:

From 2/13 article below: “Excuse my language, but we don’t give a s*** about all their sanctions,” Viktor Tatarintsev, Russia’s ambassador to Sweden, told Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet in an interview published Saturday, according to the New York Post.”

Read format for 2/15 article below:

Putin ready to talk with NATO; says some Russian troops leaving Ukraine border

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced on Tuesday that he’s ready to discuss Russia’s security concerns with the U.S. and NATO, and has agreed to pull some Russian troops away from Ukraine. Ahead of his remarks, the Russian military announced some of the units positioned near Ukraine are returning to their home bases.

According to the Associated Press, After meeting with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz on Tuesday, Putin said the U.S. and NATO rejected his calls to keep Ukraine out of their alliance, stop major weapons deployments near Russia and withdraw troops from eastern Europe. However, Putin said NATO had agreed to discuss some trust-building security measures he favors.

The trust-building security measures Putin is ready to discuss include limiting intermediate-range missile deployments in Europe and providing more transparency about military drills.

In a Kremlin transcript of a Monday meeting between Putin and Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, the Russian military official characterized the Russian military activity near Ukraine as a series of military readiness drills to practice defending “against various types of hypothetical enemy attacks.” Shoigu said some of the military drills have already finished and others will end soon.

On Tuesday, Maj. Gen. Igor Konashenkov, the spokesperson for the Russian Defense Ministry, said as specific units complete their portions of the training, they will begin returning home. Konashenkov said troops belonging to Russia’s southern and western military commands have already completed their portions of the training and are returning to their respective home bases.

“In the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, a complex of large-scale measures for the combat training of troops and forces continues,” Konashenkov said. “Almost all military districts, fleets and airborne troops take part in them.”

Konashenkov announced a joint Russian-Belarusian live-fire drill is still scheduled for Feb. 19 at the Obuz-Lesnovsky training ground in Belarus, which borders Ukraine to the north. Konashenkov said other upcoming drills include naval drills in the seas surrounding Russia. The Russian navy drills appear to include training in the Black Sea which touches Ukraine’s southern coast.

“As the combat training measures are completed, the troops, as always, will make marches in a combined way to the points of permanent deployment,” Konashenkov said. “The units of the Southern and Western military districts, having completed their tasks, have already begun loading onto rail and road transport and will begin moving to their military garrisons today. Separate units will march on their own as part of military columns.”

Russia had amassed more than 100,000 troops around Ukraine in a months-long build up. U.S. officials anticipated Russia would invade Ukraine by the end of the week.

2/16 > Although incidents between Russian ships and aircraft happen all the time, they’re happening more frequently and this latest aerial one was a close call.

2/17 Is Blinken seeing a “tick” in Putin’s poker face and will our current Joe call his bluff? Russian separatists in western Ukraine open fire. It’s part of the “Civil War” than has gone on in Ukraine for a while now. The US officials are calling it the “false flag” attack.

Early stages of Russia’s Ukraine invasion ‘unfolding’ now, Blinken tells UN

By Mark Moore and Khristina Narizhnaya

A damaged school building is reportedly the result of shelling by Russian-backed forces in eastern Ukraine.
Humanitarian Mission Proliska/EPA

Photo and title above from:

Last but not least, this came in this morning.

I’m sure she will do as good a job as she did on our southern border. Too bad she isn’t working for Putin with his concerns on his southern border. Wasn’t too sure about the above source on the Harris thing, so had to double check. For more, see below:

The red horse has been trotting around for a little while now and it looks as if it is about to go full gallop. Then the white and black will follow right behind it for a while. The black is just getting started and ready to run full speed. The white horse has been running a long while and maybe slowing down just to catch a second breath. In another year the pale horse will join them. (See Missing Links – Appendix IV in main menu.)

Stay strong in the faith of the King of Kings soon to come!


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