A Sabbath Message 04/29/23 – Love and Charity

In the English dictionary, “love” is defined as follows:

love – ˈləv – NOUN – strong affection for another arising out of kinship or personal ties attraction based on sexual desire : affection and tenderness felt by lovers affection based on admiration, benevolence, or common interests. An assurance of affection. Also used as a VERB. Synonyms:

Noun – affection, attachment, devotedness, devotion, fondness, passion,

Verb – appreciate, cherish, prize, treasure, value,

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There are many interpretations of love in today’s world. Sadly, a majority of those interpretations are misplaced in the realm of lust. Passions are prized in the fondness of appreciating some devotion that treasures not the devotedness nor values the affection in the attachment. Many do not cherish the attachments nor truly treasure them with honest affection. Well said is the old adage: “True love is hard to find.” But…

True love is the love of God!

Shortly after posting my TGIF Humor Time post, I caught up on reading some blogs from Friends in Christ. I was led to comment on one with some definitions from the original Greek on some scripture. At the end of the cutting and pasting from the Strongs, I realized I had done the work for most of what would be today’s message. The following is that blog:

The Loving Kindness Of God

The best and most wonderful gift any one of us could ever receive is the gift of grace given by God through the faith we hold in Christ Jesus. (Ephesians 2:4-8). But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

We read in the book of Peter that it is given to us by the power of God many great and precious promises, and a beautiful list of the benefit’s we obtain by escaping the corruption that is in the world with brotherly love and kindness being part of the knowledge we learn in Christ. (2 Peter 1:3-8).  According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity. For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.

There is one thing many of us learned from early on and that is what love truly is, and if we genuinely learn how God sees what love is then He is seen in us by applying it to our life. (1 Corinthians 13:1-7). Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

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The following was my comment:

Great essay! I have often wondered if folks have really understood the word “charity” as translated from the Greek in the KJV and other translations. In the English “charity” it is often understood by the English dictionary: 

char·​i·​ty – ˈcher-ə-tē  – Plural – charities 1. a: generosity and helpfulness especially toward the needy or suffering also aid given to those in need (received charity from the neighbors) ban institution engaged in relief of the poor (raised funds for several charities) cpublic provision for the relief of the needy (too proud to accept charity)  2.  benevolent goodwill toward or love of humanity (The holidays are a time for charity and goodwill.) 3. aa gift for public benevolent purposes ban institution (such as a hospital) founded by such a gift 4. lenient judgment of others (The critic was liked for his charity and moderation.)

The English word “charity” is translated from the same Greek word (G26) in (1 Corinthians 13:1-7) as it is elsewhere throughout the New Testament (KJV):

*G26 – ἀγάπη – love, i.e. affection or benevolence; specially (plural) a love-feast. Derivation: from G25; KJV Usage: (feast of) charity(-ably), dear, love.

>G25 – ἀγαπάω – to love (in a social or moral sense)
Derivation: perhaps from ἄγαν (much) (or compare H5689); KJV Usage: (be-)love(-ed).

The word love is translated mainly from G25 & G26 throughout the New Testament (KJV) with the following exceptions (variations of “love” included):

*G5368 – φιλέω – to be a friend to (fond of (an individual or an object)), i.e. have affection for (denoting personal attachment, as a matter of sentiment or feeling; while G25 is wider, embracing especially the judgment and the deliberate assent of the will as a matter of principle, duty and propriety: the two thus stand related very much as G2309 and G1014, or as G2372 and G3563 respectively; the former being chiefly of the heart and the latter of the head); specially, to kiss (as a mark of tenderness) Derivation: from G5384; KJV Usage: kiss, love.

Love: Mt. 6:5, 23:6, Luke 20:46, John 15:19, 21:15-17, 1Cor. 16:22, Titus 3:15, Rev 3:19 Loved: John 11:36, 16:27, 20:2, Lovedst: John 17:24 Lovest: John 11:3, 21:17 (both times) Loveth: Mt. 10:3737 (both times), John 5:20, 12:25, 16:27, Rev 22:15 Kiss: Mt. 26:48, Mark 14:44, Luke 22:47

>G5384φίλος – actively, fond, i.e. friendly (still as a noun, an associate, neighbor, etc.) Derivation: properly, dear, i.e. a friend; KJV Usage: friend.

*G2309 – θέλω – or ἐθέλω , in certain tenses θελέω , and ἐθελέω , which are otherwise obsolete to determine (as an active option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive acquiescence in objective considerations), i.e. choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication, to wish, i.e. be inclined to (sometimes adverbially, gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism, to delight in
Derivation: apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G138; KJV Usage: desire, be disposed (forward), intend, list, love, mean, please, have rather, (be) will (have, -ling, – ling(-ly)).

Love: Mark 12:38 (one place only preceding “to go…”, the second in italics (KJV) added in translation preceding “salutations…”)

*G5360 – φιλαδελφία – fraternal affection. Derivation: from G5361; KJV Usage: brotherly love (kindness), love of the brethren.

Love: Romans 12:10, 1Thess. 4:9, Heb. 13:1, 1Peter 1:22

*G5361 – φιλάδελφος – fond of brethren, i.e. fraternal
Derivation: from G5384 and G80; KJV Usage: love as brethren.

Love: Romans 12:10, 1Thess. 4:9, Hebrews 13:1, 1Peter 3:8

*G5365 – φιλαργυρία – avarice. Derivation: from G5366; KJV Usage: love of money. (I Tim. 6:10 only)

*G5362 – φίλανδρος – fond of man, i.e. affectionate as a wife
Derivation: from G5384 and G435; KJV Usage: love their husbands. (Titus 2:4 – first place – husbands – one word)

*G5388 – φιλότεκνος – fond of one’s children, i.e. maternal
Derivation: from G5384 and G5043; KJV Usage: love their children. (Titus 2:4 –second place – children – one word)

*G5363 – φιλανθρωπία – fondness of mankind, i.e. benevolence (“philanthropy”) Derivation: from the same as G5364; KJV Usage: kindness, love towards man. (used for “love” as an adjective of God’s love toward man and also used as a single word translated “…fondness of mankind:…” in Acts 28:2)

*G4375 – προσφιλής – friendly towards, i.e. acceptable. Derivation: from a presumed compound of G4314 and G5368; KJV Usage: lovely. (Used only once in Philippians 4:8)

*G5382 – φιλόξενος – fond of guests, i.e. hospitable
Derivation: from G5384 and G3581; KJV Usage: given to (lover of, use) hospitality. (Titus 1:8 – a single word translated “…lover of hospitality…”)

*G5388 – φιλάγαθος – fond to good, i.e. a promoter of virtue
Derivation: from G5384 and G18; KJV Usage: love of good men. (Titus 1:8 – a single word translated “…love of good men…”)

Hope this proves edifying.

LOLGB+

P.S. Took a little while cutting and pasting from the Strong’s. Think I just did most of the work for this sabbath’s message. Ha! Impeccable timing for a posting to be read huh? LOLGB+

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Most people take “charity” out of context these days. I think what Paul was trying to say in today’s English language is that doing charity without love is not charity. In today’s use of the English terms “love” and “charity” without an understanding of the Greek terms utilized and their definitions from the scriptures, the fact that God’s love for man is an act of charity is not fully preceived.

John 3:16

(KJV) For God so loved (G25) the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth (G4100) in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

*G4100 – πιστεύω – to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), i.e. credit; by implication, to entrust (especially one’s spiritual well-being to Christ) Derivation: from G4102; KJV Usage: believe(-r), commit (to trust), put in trust with.

>G4102 – πίστις – persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself. Derivation: from G3982; KJV Usage: assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.

>>G3982 – πείθω – to convince (by argument, true or false); by analogy, to pacify or conciliate (by other fair means); reflexively or passively, to assent (to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty) Derivation: a primary verb; KJV Usage: agree, assure, believe, have confidence, be (wax) conflent, make friend, obey, persuade, trust, yield.

John 14:15

 If ye love (G25) me, keep my commandments (G1785).

*G1785 – ἐντολή – injunction, i.e. an authoritative prescription
Derivation: from G1781; KJV Usage: commandment, precept.

Matthew 15:9

But in vain (G3155) they do worship (G4576) me, teaching (G1321) for doctrines (G1379) the commandments (G1778) of men.

*G3155 – μάτην – folly, i.e. (adverbially) to no purpose. Derivation: accusative case of a derivative of the base of G3145 (through the idea of tentative manipulation, i.e. unsuccessful search, or else of punishment); KJV Usage: in vain.

>G3145 – μασσάομαι – to chew. Derivation: from a primary μάσσω (to handle or squeeze); KJV Usage: gnaw.

*G4576 – σέβομαι – to revere, i.e. adore. Derivation: middle voice of an apparently primary verb; KJV Usage: devout, religious, worship.

*G1321 – διδάσκω – to teach (in the same broad application) Derivation: a prolonged (causative) form of a primary verb δάω (to learn); KJV Usage: teach.

*G1379 – διδασκαλία – instruction (the function or the information)
Derivation: from G1320; KJV Usage: doctrine, learning, teaching.

>G1320 – διδάσκαλος – an instructor (genitive case or specially) Derivation: from G1321; KJV Usage: doctor, master, teacher.

*G1778 – ἔνταλμα – an injunction, i.e. religious precept
Derivation: from G1781; KJV Usage: commandment.

>G1781 – ἐντέλλομαι – to enjoin. Derivation: from G1722 and the base of G5056; KJV Usage: (give) charge, (give) command(-ments), injoin.

A Referrence Sabbath Message to John 14:15:

Ezekiel 34

KJV(i) 1 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 2 Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto the shepherds; Woe be to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flocks? 3 Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed: but ye feed not the flock. 4 The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost; but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them. 5 And they were scattered, because there is no shepherd: and they became meat to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered. 6 My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and upon every high hill: yea, my flock was scattered upon all the face of the earth, and none did search or seek after them. 7 Therefore, ye shepherds, hear the word of the LORD; 8 As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock; 9 Therefore, O ye shepherds, hear the word of the LORD; 10 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against the shepherds; and I will require my flock at their hand, and cause them to cease from feeding the flock; neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more; for I will deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not be meat for them. 11 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out. 12 As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. 13 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country. 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel. 15 I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD. 16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment. 17 And as for you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats. 18 Seemeth it a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet? 19 And as for my flock, they eat that which ye have trodden with your feet; and they drink that which ye have fouled with your feet. 20 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD unto them; Behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle. 21 Because ye have thrust with side and with shoulder, and pushed all the diseased with your horns, till ye have scattered them abroad; 22 Therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between cattle and cattle. 23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. 24 And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken it. 25 And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods. 26 And I will make them and the places round about my hill a blessing; and I will cause the shower to come down in his season; there shall be showers of blessing. 27 And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, and they shall be safe in their land, and shall know that I am the LORD, when I have broken the bands of their yoke, and delivered them out of the hand of those that served themselves of them. 28 And they shall no more be a prey to the heathen, neither shall the beast of the land devour them; but they shall dwell safely, and none shall make them afraid. 29 And I will raise up for them a plant of renown, and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land, neither bear the shame of the heathen any more. 30 Thus shall they know that I the LORD their God am with them, and that they, even the house of Israel, are my people, saith the Lord GOD. 31 And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men, and I am your God, saith the Lord GOD.

From Missing Links, Chapter XII:

The Comeback Mountain

For almost 2000 years, there have been deceptions upon deceptions, lies upon lies, here a little, there a little, until almost all mankind is blinded to the truth. About 500 years ago, brave men began tearing down that old mountain of deception, and suffered persecution and torturous death, but those that followed picked up many of the old pebbles and stones, and then built a new mountain. Behold! It looks much like the old one. The time is at hand, when the healed old mountain will require of the new mountain, “Become one mountain under me, for your pebbles are my pebbles, and your stones are my stones. Come back to me, keepers of my pebbles and stones, and repent of the damage done!” Then shall the creator of the heavens and earth, by whom both mountains stake their claim, place in the hearts of the new mountain: Make the old mountain naked and desolate and burn it with fire. Then, shall the hearts of both the mountains be brought through the fire by which all mountains shall burn. Those under its pebbles and stones will ask, “Why do we suffer?”

Sweet Pastures

The Scripture of Truth is like a beautiful pasture of plush green grass, and many sheep flocked to it to graze, but the taste was a little bitter. So, the sheep looked for shepherds who would sweeten the taste, and when the sheep grazed upon the flavored grass, the taste was not yet sweet enough. So, the shepherds sprayed the grass with a sweeter flavor, but the sheep were still not satisfied. Some other shepherds said to the sheep, “Try this other pasture, it is greener and sweeter.” So, the sheep followed those shepherds, and began to graze in the other pasture, and it was very sweet grass. The sheep grazed and grazed until they became very fat and lazy, and the shepherds were also made fat by the gratitude of the sheep.

Then the Head Shepherd returned for his flock and found his true pasture almost empty. So, he asked the shepherds there, “Where are my sheep? There were once many, now there are so few.” Then the shepherds of the true pasture said, “They have found a greener and sweeter pasture.” Then the Head Shepherd asked, “Were you so lazy to not call out unto them and bring any of them back?”

So, the Head Shepherd went to the other pasture and asked those shepherds, “What is this thing that you have done to my sheep, for I left them in my holy pasture?” Then, those other shepherds, trying to defend themselves, said, “It was the sheep! They wanted the sweeter grass, so we only did that which the sheep had asked.”

Then the Head Shepherd stood between the two pastures and shouted, “Woe to the idol shepherds that leave the flock! The sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened. Woe to the shepherds of the flocks that do feed themselves! Should not those shepherds have feed the flocks?”

Then the fat and lazy shepherds asked, “How were we to know you would come by the old pasture first?” Then the Head Shepherd replied, “Did I not send you watchmen sounding the alarm to return to my holy pasture and have patience in my testimony?”

Then all those shepherds cried, “Yes, but we thought he was just a crazy old fool blowing on an old Jewish horn!”

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Have a restful sabbath!

eze33, LOLGB+

2 Comments

  1. Julia says:

    So many know the passage of John 3:16 and it is the the greatest definition of unconditional love given to us by our Father in heaven, and this true love carries through us by the Holy Spirit! You have said well that the worlds love is that of lust and charity is not all about self. Another good article my Friend. Stay Strong.
    Julia

    Liked by 2 people

    1. eze33 says:

      Thanks for your timely inspiration! LOLGB+

      Liked by 1 person

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